Doctor Maria Montessori (1870-1952), neurologist and first Italian woman to obtain a degree in medicine, specialised in the development of the child. She observed children’s needs from birth to adolescence. Her revolutionary conclusions have been a worldwide source of inspiration for the education of young children.
The Montessori pedagogy applies four basic principles, which allow children to access fundamental lessons:
- Let the child develop his/her place in the group from a position of cooperation and solidarity
- Allow the child to develop his/her concentration as a way of gaining access to knowledge
- Work with the child towards his/her harmonious physical, intellectual and emotional development
- Allow the child to think and act for him/herself independently